About the Gardens

Learn all about the Gardens by the Bay and the team
that brought it to life.


Guinness World Records 2015
Largest Glass Greenhouse - Flower Dome
Guinness World Records

AsiaOne People's Choice Awards 2015
Best Attraction - Top 3
Singapore Press Holdings


Most Reviewed Attraction in Singapore
Tripadvisor Singapore

Singapore Experience Awards 2014
Customer Service (Visitor Attraction)
Singapore Tourism Board

20th Annual Thea Awards

Award for Outstanding Achievement
Themed Entertainment Association

BCA Awards 2014
Universal Design Mark (Platinum Award)
Green Mark for Non-Buildings (Platinum Award)
Green Mark for Buildings (Gold Award) - Satay by the Bay
Construction Productivity (Gold Award)
Construction Excellence Award
Building and Construction Authority

Singapore Good Design Mark Awards
SG Mark Platinum Award
Design Business Chamber Singapore

2014 Cityscape Awards for Emerging Markets

Leisure & Tourism Project (Built)
Cityscape Global

Facebook 2014 Year in Review
Top 3 Most Checked-into Places in Singapore

AsiaOne People's Choice Awards 2014

Best Attraction - Top 3
Singapore Press Holdings

Building Performance Awards 2014
International Project of the Year
Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers

MIPIM Awards 2014

Best Innovative Green Building
Special Jury Award
Marché international des professionnels de l’immobilier

Traveler's Choice 2014

Top 25 Parks - Cloud Forest

2014 Minister's Awards
Team Award - Far East Organnization Children's Garden
Ministry of National Development


Singapore Experience Awards 2013
Breakthrough Contribution to Tourism
Singapore Tourism Board

BCA Green Mark for Parks Platinum Award (New Parks)
Building & Constructon Authority

2013 RIBA Lubetkin Prize
Cooled Conservatories, Gardens by the Bay
Royal Institute of British Architects

RIBA International Award 2013
Royal Institute of British Architects

Structural Awards 2013
Award for Arts or Entertainment Structures
The Institution of Structural Engineers

LIAS Awards of Excellence 2013
Best of Category  (Green Wall Category) - Cloud Forest
Gold (Green Wall Category) – Supertrees
Gold (Implementation Category) – Flower Dome
Gold (Implementation Category) – Cloud Forest
Gold (Turnkey Category) – Aquatic Garden
Landscape Industry Association (Singapore)

13th SIA Architectural Design Awards 2013
Design Award (Recreational Buildings) – Cooled Conservatories
Design Award (Special) – Main Gardens
SIA-Rigel Bathroom Design Awards (Merit)
Singapore Institute of Architects

Skyrise Greenery Awards 2013
Special Award - Skyrise Greenery in a Garden
National Parks Board

President's Design Award 2013
Design of the Year - Gardens by the Bay
Design of the Year - Satay by the Bay
DesignSingapore Council & Urban Redevelopment Authority

International Architecture Awards 2013
Architecture Award – Gardens by the Bay Masterplan
Architecture Award – Cooled Conservatories
The Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design, & The European Center for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies

Landscape Institute Awards 2013

Fellows' Award for Climate Change Adaptation
Design for a Large Scale Public Development
The Landscape Institute

Sustain Magazine Awards 2013
International Prize: Project of the Year Award
Sustain Magazine

Minister's Awards (Team)
Ministry of National Development

British Expertise International Award
Outstanding International Design
British Expertise

Lamp Lighting Solutions Awards 2013
Urban and Landscape Lighting
Lamp Lighting

WAN Awards 2013
Landscape Award
World Architecture News


BCA Green Mark Platinum Award (Special Project)
Building & Construction Authority

ABC Waters Certification
PUB, Singapore's national water agency

World Architecture Festival 2012
World Building of the Year – Cooled Conservatories
Display Award – Cooled Conservatories
World Architecture Festival

Singapore Structural Awards 2012
Award for Special Structure – Cooled Conservatories
Commendation Award for Special Structure –
Supertrees and Aerial Walkway
The Institution of Structural Engineers

Design and Engineering Safety Excellence Awards 2012
Institutional and Industrial Category – Flower Dome
Building & Construction Authority

FuturArc Green Leadership Award 2012
Institutional Architecture Category – Bay East
FuturArc Journal

Design for Asia Award 2012
Grand Award
Special Award (Technology)
Hong Kong Design Centre

RoSPA Awards 2012
Gold Award – Woh Hup (Private) Limited for Gardens by the Bay
Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents

MOM Workplace Safety and Health Performance Award 2012
Ministry of Manpower


The President’s Award for the Environment 2011 -
Dr Kiat W. Tan, CEO, Gardens by the Bay

Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources

RoSPA Awards 2011 (Gold Award)

Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents

The Architectural Review MIPIM Future Project
Awards 2011

Commendation Award for Big Urban Projects - Bay East
The Architectural Review & MIPIM


Green GOOD Design Award 2010
The European Center for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies & The Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design

RoSPA Awards 2010 (Gold Award)
Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents


The Architectural Review MIPIM Future Project
Awards 2009

Commendation Award for Regeneration and
The Architectural Review & MIPIM


History of Gardens by the Bay

Gardens by the Bay brings to life NParks' vision of creating a City in a Garden. The Gardens captures the essence of Singapore as the premier tropical Garden City with the perfect environment in which to live and work - making Singapore a leading global city of the 21st century.

In January 2006, an international master plan design competition was launched to seek world-class design ideas for Gardens by the Bay. It drew more than 70 entries submitted by 170 firms, from over 24 countries, including 35 from Singapore.

An 11-member Jury comprising local and international experts shortlisted eight teams and two winners were announced in September 2006; namely Grant Associates for Bay South and Gustafson Porter for Bay East, both from the UK. A decision was made to develop Bay Central later.

A public exhibition of the master plan concepts and models of the winning teams was held in September 2006 at the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Over 10,000 people visited the exhibition and over 700 gave their feedback. An overwhelming majority 85% of those surveyed liked the features in the master plans and over 97% said they would visit the gardens.

Bay South Garden broke ground in November 2007, signalling the commencement of the Gardens’ development. Subsequently, development of Bay East Garden also commenced. It was developed as an interim garden to be used as a staging site for some of the rowing and canoeing events of the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) in August 2010. Following the YOG, Bay East underwent reinstatement works and was open to the public in October 2011.

A special preview of parts of Bay South Garden, including the Flower Dome, was held in November 2011 in conjunction with the World Orchid Conference (WOC). Some 300,000 members of the public visited both WOC and Bay South Garden.


Click here to view enlarged image

Sustainability in the Gardens

Underlying the concept of Gardens by the Bay are the principles of environmental sustainability. Much effort was made to plan and design for sustainable cycles in energy and water throughout Bay South Garden.

Energetics of the Conservatories

Comprising two glass biomes, the Conservatories replicate the cool-dry climate of the Mediterranean and semi-arid sub-tropical regions and the cool-moist climate of the Tropical Montane region. They house a diverse collection of plants that are not commonly seen in this part of the world and are of high conservation value.

The conservatories are a statement in sustainable engineering and apply a suite of cutting-edge technologies for energy-efficient solutions in cooling. This suite of technologies can help to achieve at least 30% savings in energy consumption, compared to conventional cooling technologies.

1) Minimising Solar Heat Gain
The two conservatories are fitted with specially selected glass that allows optimal light in for plants, but reduces a substantial amount of heat. The roof is fitted with a sensor-operated retractable sails that opens automatically to provide shade to the plants when it gets too hot.

2) Cooling only the occupied zones
The Conservatories apply the strategy of cooling only the lower levels, thus reducing the volume of air to be cooled. This is achieved through thermal stratification – ground cooling by chilled water pipes cast within the floor slabs enabling cool air to settle at the lower occupied zone while the warm air rises and is vented out at high levels.

3) De-humidifying the air before cooling
To reduce the amount of energy required in the cooling process, the air in the Flower Dome is de-humidified by liquid desiccant (drying agent) before it is cooled. This desiccant is recycled using the waste heat from the burning of the biomass.

4) Generating energy and harnessing waste heat
Electricity is generated on-site to run the chillers that cool the Conservatories. At the same time, waste heat is captured in the process to regenerate the liquid desiccant. This co-generation of energy is achieved by the use of a Combined Heat Power (CHP) steam turbine that is fed by horticultural waste from the Gardens and other parks around Singapore. This reduces dependency on the electrical grid.

Environmentally Sustainable Functions of the Supertrees

Eleven of the Supertrees are embedded with environmentally sustainable functions. Some have photovoltaic cells on their canopies to harvest solar energy for lighting up the Supertrees., while others are integrated with the Conservatories and serve as air exhaust receptacles.


Lake system: Dragonfly & Kingfisher Lakes

The Gardens lake system incorporates key ecological processes and functions as a living system. It acts as a natural filtration system for water from the Gardens catchment and provides aquatic habitats for biodiversity such as fishes and dragonflies.

Encompassing two main lakes – the Dragonfly Lake and Kingfisher Lake, the lake system is designed to be an extension of the Marina Reservoir. Water run-off from within the Gardens is captured by the lake system and cleansed by aquatic plants before being discharged into the reservoir. Naturally treated water from the lake system is also used in the built-in irrigation system for the Gardens.

The lake system depicts the role and importance of plants in the healthy functioning of our ecosystem. It raises awareness of the value that aquatic plants play in nature, and highlights the significance of clean water in sustaining biodiversity.

Filtering of water run-off

Filter beds, comprising of aquatic reeds, and wetlands are located where water enters and discharges from the lake system. Water flow is reduced and sediments are filtered out.

Reducing nutrient load

Islands of aquatic plants and reed beds are incorporated to absorb nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in the water. A reduction of nitrogen levels is critical to minimising alga bloom and ensures better water quality.

Maintaining an aquatic ecosystem

Habitats for fish and dragonfly are created within the lake system by maintaining a diversity of aquatic plants, good water circulation and aeration. This keeps in check potential problems such as mosquito breeding.


Our world of gardens for all to own, enjoy and cherish.


We make our Gardens the leisure destination of choice for all.
We delight our guests with an enthralling experience, excellent service and enriching programmes.
We inspire pride of ownership in every Singaporean for our Gardens.
We aim to be a model for sustainable development and conservation.

Annual Report (9.3 MB)

Download the latest version of the Annual Report.

Annual Report (7.4 MB)

Download the 2013 edition of the Annual Report.

Board of Directors


Mrs Theresa Foo                                                        
The Esplanade Co Ltd and Viva Foundation


Mr Ang Hak Seng
Chief Executive Director
People's Association

Ms Chang Hwee Nee
Deputy Secretary (Planning)
Ministry of National Development

Dr Howard Foo
Senior Director
(International & Academic Network & Outreach)
National University Health System

Mr Kenneth Er
Chief Executive Officer
National Parks Board

Mr Quek Suan Kiat
Country Manager & Chief Operating Officer 
Barclays Bank PLC Singapore

Mr Gerald Tan
Head of Legal, Asia 
ICBC Standard Bank Plc

Deputy Chairman

Mr Lim Neo Chian
Economic Development Innovations Singapore Pte Ltd

Mr Tan Jiew Hoe
Singapore Gardening Society

Dr Kiat W. Tan
Chief Executive Officer
Gardens by the Bay

Mrs Mildred Tan
Head of Advisory
Ernst & Young

Mr Tan Wah Yeow

Deputy Managing Partner

Mr Yap Chin Siang
Assistant Chief Executive, Policy and Planning Group
Singapore Tourism Board

Mr Wong Siew Hoong
Deputy Director-General of Education (Curriculum)
Ministry of Education

Organisational Structure


General Enquiry

Tel: +65 6420 6848 from 8:30 AM to 6 PM (Mondays to Fridays)
Email: feedback@gardensbythebay.com.sg

Visitor Information Counter Hotline:
Tel: +65 6420 6841 from 8:30 AM to 9 PM (daily)

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